After the Mexican Revolution, the country was in ruins. Its reconstruction required a plan that would involve different sectors, including the artistic and cultural. In this context, Muralism was not only an aesthetic movement where its members exposed their technical capabilities, but also a purpose to project a national identity in the international arena. Not all the links between State and art are harmful: Muralism also allowed humble people who do not have access to art to observe the works of these artists in their day-to-day lives. In addition to that some muralists – such as Siqueiros, Rivera and Orozco – became true emblems of Mexican art. We selected 5 of Diego Rivera’s most representative murals to get closer to his work.